LUNAR ECLIPSES OF THE 20TH CENTURY
DURING THE MONTH OF MARCH (22 Total)
EVERY PURIM HAD AN ECLIPSE!!!
By John Henry
November 17, 2012
“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night;
and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.” (Genesis 1:14)  ALL BUT ONE OF THE 22 LUNAR ECLIPSES THAT OCCURRED IN MARCH IN THE 20TH CENTURY
OCCURRED ON THE EVE OF OR ON PURIM.  THE ONE MARCH ECLIPSE
THAT DID NOT OCCUR ON PURIM OCCURRED ON PASSOVER INSTEAD.
DATE TYPE ECLIPSE NOTES
1904 March 02 Penumbral Purim 1: The 14th of Adar. In all provinces except Shushan the Jews fought on the 13th of Adar and observed the 14th as a day of rejoicing.
1904 March 31 Penumbral Passover: The 14th of Nissan. On Sept. 24, the 1st day of Tabernacles, there was another Penumbral eclipse (The 1st & last of the 7 feasts). 
1913 March 22 Total (North)  Purim 1 (Eve): This was the 13th of Adar when the Jews were fighting for their lives.
1914 March 12 Partial Purim 1: In The 14th of Adar day of rejoicing.
1915 March 01 Penumbral Purim 2: In Shushan the Jews waged war on the 13th & 14th of Adar and observed the 15th as a day of rejoicing.
1922 March 13 Penumbral Purim 1 (Eve): The 13th of Adar when the Jews were fighting for their lives.
1923 March 03 Partial Purim 2 (Eve): Observed on the 16th of Adar as the day of rejoicing, because the 15th was the Sabbath day in 1923.
1932 March 22 Partial Purim 1: The 14th of Adar day of rejoicing.
1933 March 12 Penumbral Purim 1: The 14th of Adar. (Hitler rose to power as chancellor of Germany in 1933.)
1940 March 23 Penumbral Purim 1 (Eve): The 13th of Adar when the Jews were fighting for their lives.
1941 March 13 Partial Purim 1: The 14th of Adar. 
1942 March 03 Total (South) Purim 1: The 14th of Adar. (The Nazis hanged 10 Jews in
to avenge the hanging of Haman's 10 sons.) Zduńska Wola, Poland
1951 March 23 Penumbral Purim 2: The 15th of Adar. 
1959 March 24 Partial Purim 1: The 14th of Adar.
1960 March 13 Total (South) Purim 1: The 14th of Adar.
U. S.Secretary of State, Christian Herter, stated desire to aid in a 13 March 1960 meeting with Ben-Gurion.  Israel
1961 March 02 Partial Purim 1: The 14th of Adar.
1978 March 24 Total (South) Purim 2: The 15th of Adar.
1979 March 13 Partial Purim 1: The 14th of Adar.
1980 March 01 Penumbral Purim 1 (Eve): The 13th of Adar when the Jews were fighting for their lives.
1988 March 03 Total Penumbral Purim 1: The 14th of Adar.
1997 March 24 Partial Purim 2: The 15th of Adar.
1998 March 13 Penumbral Purim 1: The 14th of Adar.
For the LORD’S portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance. He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling
wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye.
Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon. For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent
me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.
24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them,
and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
25 But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews,
should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had
seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,
27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should
not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year;
28 And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and
that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.
29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.
30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of
peace and truth,
31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them,
and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.
32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book
1. The word “seasons” in Genesis 1:14 comes from
the Hebrew word “moed” (Strong’s
Hebrew #4150). It is variously translated
in the King James Bible as “set time,” “time
appointed,” “appointed season,” “due
season,” etc. The word is
found 6 times in Leviticus 23 where God established the 7 feasts of
“These are the feasts [#4150] of the LORD, even holy
convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons
and last of the 7 feasts of Leviticus 23, Passover and
Tabernacles, have had lunar eclipses on historic dates such as when Israel was reestablished and when they captured
2. Biblical days begin at sundown.
3. The total lunar eclipse is the most dramatic and visually compelling type of lunar eclipse. The Moon's appearance can vary enormously throughout the period of totality and from one eclipse to the next. Obviously, the geometry of the Moon's path through the umbra plays an important role. Not as apparent is the effect that Earth's atmosphere has on a total eclipse. Although the physical mass of Earth blocks all direct sunlight from the umbra, the planet's atmosphere filters, attenuates and bends some of the Sun's rays into the shadow. The molecules in Earth's atmosphere scatter short wavelength light (e.g., yellow, green, blue) more than long wavelength light (e.g., orange, red). This process, which is responsible for making sunsets red, also gives total eclipses their characteristic red-orange color. However, the exact color can vary considerably in both hue and brightness.
reason for the different dates designated for the observance of Purim is that
the Jews of Shushan originally observed the festival
on a different day than the Jews who lived elsewhere. Whereas Jews in Shushan waged war on both the 13th and the 14th of the
month, and observed the 15th as a day of festivity and rejoicing for their
victory, in all other provinces the Jews waged war on the 13th and observed
only the 14th as a day of festivity and rejoicing.
Purim 1: In all the provinces of the
Purim 2: The 15th of Adar was observed as the day of rejoicing in Shushan (Thus Jerusalem and all walled cities observe this date also).
5. Christian Archibald Herter,